1830 年代，新西兰毛利人人口约为 125,000 人。
, there were around 2,000 British settlers or Pākehā, the Māori name for people who are not Māori. However, the number of Pākehā
and they wanted more and more land.
conflict between Māori tribes and the settlers. Because of this, the British wanted to sign an agreement with Māori that would control the sale of land fairly, and offer protection to both Māori and Pākehā.
the Treaty of Waitangi. The Treaty of Waitangi had three parts. The first part said the Queen of England had the
Māori chiefs possession of their land
they agreed to sell their land only to the Queen or her representatives. The third part of the Treaty said that Māori had the same rights as British people.
around New Zealand and by the end of the year, 500 Māori had signed the Treaty. For some years the Treaty served its purpose in stopping uncontrolled and unfair land
, as the number of settlers increased year by year, there was pressure to acquire more land and this led to the New Zealand wars of the 1860s. During the New Zealand wars, Māori not only lost the land they fought over, but the government also took other large areas of land to punish Māori for fighting against them.
largely been ignored. It is only in recent years that
Māori calls for the Treaty to be honoured have been addressed. The Treaty forms the
basis of claims for the return of land that was taken from Māori.
to advise the government about these cases and Māori have got back some of the land that was illegally taken from them by the government.
Māori and Pākehā.